The causes of tinnitus are many and also include various conditions including Méniere disease which affects the inner ear. The workings of the various parts and nerves in the ear are very complex and when something affects an area of the ear, it can cause problems including tinnitus.
What is Méniere Disease?
Of the many causes of tinnitus, Méniere disease is one of the less common reasons. Méniere disease causes an increase in pressure in the inner ear due to a buildup of fluid in the inner ear which is responsible for maintaining balance and the sense of equilibrium. When this pressure buildup occurs, it can distort and can also lead to a rapture of the lining of the walls of the canals in the inner ear.
What Causes Méniere Disease?
It is relatively unknown what causes Méniere’s disease although it is believed that the pressure buildup may result from an infection, allergic reaction or a hemorrhage in the ear. This condition commonly affects men between the ages of 40 and 60 although anyone can suffer from this condition.
What are the Symptoms of Méniere Disease?
One of the common symptoms of Méniere disease is ringing in the ears which one of the common symptoms of tinnitus. Other symptoms include;
- Deafness in one or both ears which can definitely increase the risk of developing tinnitus or worsen the symptoms of tinnitus
- Nausea and vomiting
- Distortion or muffling of noises
Méniere’s disease can be mild with the symptoms lasting for about an hour to several days before going away for good or returning every now and then. Severe cases of Méniere disease last for many weeks and require bed confinement in most cases. Severe cases can also cause disturbing or bizarre sensations such as feeling like the furniture or floor is spinning around and around. Migraines and anxiety attacks may be associated with severe cases of this disease also.
Treatment for Meniere disease includes using various medications and in some severe cases, surgery may be necessary.
The type of tinnitus resulting from Méniere disease is subjective tinnitus which is the most common type of tinnitus. Subjective tinnitus produces phantom noises that only the sufferer is able to hear and no one else.
Once effective treatment is used for Méniere disease, the ringing in ears as well as other symptoms of this disease may go away.